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Projektarbete ställer nya krav i arbetslivet

Tidsbegränsade team som jobbar ihop i projekt, ständiga byten av arbetsgrupper, hög arbetsintensitet, deadlines och sedan nya projekt. Så ser allt mer av arbetets organisering ut, särskilt i kunskapsintensiva företag.

- I en projektbaserad organisation är medarbetarna oftast utlokaliserade i projekt. De personalansvariga cheferna har därför svårare att få en helhetsbild av hur medarbetarna arbetar och vilka behov de har, säger Karin Bredin, nydisputerad doktor i företagsekonomi.

Hon ser en potentiell konflikt mellan det kortsiktiga tänkandet i projekt och ett mer långsiktigt personalarbete. Arbetsintensiteten i projekt är ofta hög och det ena projektet avlöser det andra utan tid till återhämtning eller reflektion. Eller som en personalchef säger: ”Det brinner alltid i projekten och de går alltid före”.

En mer långsiktig kompetensplanering och –utveckling blir ofta svår att få till och definitivt svår att upprätthålla. Mer ansvar faller istället på medarbetaren själv att hålla sig ”anställningsbar” för att bli efterfrågad till ”rätt” projekt i rätt tid. Enskilda medarbetares rykte blir viktigt.

Här finns en utmaning för chefer med personalansvar, konstaterar Karin Bredin:

- Alla passar inte för det projektbaserade arbetssättet, och frågan är vad man gör med dem som blir över.

Karin Bredins övergripande slutsats är att personalarbetet kan behöva organiseras på ett nytt sätt.

- Ett bättre samspel behövs mellan olika roller i en projektbaserad organisation, för att personalansvaret inte ska tappas bort, säger hon.

Karin Bredin disputerade den 9 maj.


Anika Agebjörn 2008-07-01



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Last updated: 2017-02-13