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OFTI 33

Plenary Speakers

 

Abstracts

Intercorporeality and Interkinesthesia in Social Interaction

Christian Meyer, University of Duisburg-Essen

In my talk I will suggest two concepts for the analysis, description and interpretation of embodied interaction that I borrow from phenomenological philosophy: “Intercorporeality” (Merleau-Ponty) and “Interkinesthesia” (Sheets-Johnstone). Both concepts are, as I view it, useful for the study of embodied interaction, since they fill a gap in the current nomenclature of interaction studies. This gap has become apparent especially in the study (1) of forms of interaction in which several individuals take turns with one another in using their bodies as agents, media, or objects of action, sometimes additionally sustained by artifacts, as well as (2) of particularly complex and fast-paced forms of social interaction. These types of social interaction include sports, forms of manual work, and sorts of everyday activities. Established terms such as “coordination”, “alignment” and “intersubjectivity” as well as “routine” and “shared intention” are unable to grasp the, at the same time, intuitive or spontaneous and creative (that is, situationally adjusted) character of these activities.

 

After a brief presentation and discussion of these concepts, I will present a number of videographic examples from the realms of sports, manual labor, and everyday activities that will render available different dimensions that are relevant for the study of this kind of activity.

 

Multilingual Interaction and Dementia

Charlotta Plejert, Linköping University

The purpose of this talk is to shed light on multilingual interaction in care and healthcare encounters involving people with dementia. Surprisingly, there is a dearth of research in this field. Globalisation and political instability in many parts of the world have increased massive migration across cultural borders. As a result, countries that may have been fairly ethnoculturally homogeneous are becoming more diverse. In these countries, the number of first generation, aging immigrants is rapidly increasing, and health centres, hospitals, and residential care facilities are experiencing a sudden and dramatic rise in numbers of culturally and linguistically diverse patients and residents. Similarly, in many of the world’s already ethnoculturally diverse countries, there are ageing populations that often lack access to healthcare in their native languages. In addition, globalisation has fostered an ethnoculturally diverse workforce, which further adds to the complexity of social encounters. In care and healthcare settings, mutually satisfying, interpersonal communication is the critical key to the provision of person-centred care. By means of several examples, the talk will discuss practices and actions employed by interlocutors to facilitate mutual understanding, enhance high-quality social relations, and assure good care and treatment, in spite of language and cognitive difficulties. It will also highlight specific challenges that may occur under these circumstances. 

 


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